Hello……it’s ARTsy wednesday!
Does nobody else get as excited about this ARTsy day as much as I do? (I only heard from one of you on last week’s post)
Today’s artist is another favorite of mine (is it starting to sound like I have many favorites?): AMADEO MODIGLIANI (he has always been my artist crush.)
Amadeo Modigliani (can you say foxy?)
Just like some other of my favorite painters, Modigliani has inspired me in my own work.
Today’s ART piece of choice is PORTRAIT OF LUNIA CZECHOWSKA, 1919. Oil on canvas. 46 x 33cm
portrait of lunia czechowska
Did you know?
Amedeo Clemente Modigliani was born into a Jewish family in Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, on July 12, 1884. Modigliani was the fourth child of Flaminio Modigliani and his French-born wife, EugÃ©nie Garsin. His father was in the money-changing business, but when the business went bankrupt the family was forced to live in poverty. Young Modigliani was also beset by health problems after an attack of typhoid at the age of 14 followed by tuberculosis two years later. The tuberculosis would affect him for the rest of his life. Depression also ran in his family and Modigliani suffered from it as well. At least some of his siblings seemed to have also inherited his stubborn, independent streak. In 1898 his 26-year-old brother, Emmanuel, was sentenced to six months imprisonment as an anarchist.
In 1902, Modigliani enrolled in the Scuola libera di Nudo (Free School of Nude Studies) in Florence and a year later moved to Venice where he registered to study at the Istituto per le Belle Arti di Venezia. It is in Venice that he first tried hashish and, rather than studying, began to spend time frequenting the sleazy parts of the city.
In 1906, Modigliani moved to Paris, the then focal point of the avant-garde, where he would become the epitome of the tragic artist, creating a posthumous legend almost as famous as that of Vincent Van Gogh.
Settling in Le Bateau-Lavoir, a commune for penniless artists in Montmartre, he was soon busy painting, at first influenced by the work of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec until Paul Cezanne changed his views. Eventually, Modigliani developed his own unique style, one that still cannot be adequately categorized with other artists. He is noted for his fast work, usually finishing a portrait in one or two sittings and never reworked. Yet, those who posed for him said that being painted by Modigliani was like having your soul laid bare.
In 1909, Modigliani returned home to Livorno, sickly and worn out from his wild lifestyle. He did not stay in Italy long and soon he was back in Paris, this time renting a studio in Montparnasse. He had originally seen himself as a sculptor more than a painter, and he began sculpting seriously after Paul Guillaume, an ambitious young art dealer, took an interest in his work and introduced him to sculptor Constantin Brancusi.
Although a series of Modigliani’s sculptures were exhibited in the Salon d’Automne of 1912, for whatever reason he abruptly abandoned sculpting and focused solely on his painting.
Known as “ModÃ¬” by the art world, but as “Dedo” to his friends, Modigliani was an extremely handsome man to whom females were greatly attracted. Women came and went until Beatrice Hastings entered his life. She stayed with him for almost two years, was the subject for several of his portraits, including Madame Pompadour, and the object of much of his drunken wrath. Drunk, he was a bitter, angry person, always looking for a fight as was depicted in the famous drawing by Marie Vassilieff. Sober, he was graciously timid and charming, would quote Dante Alighieri and recite poems from Lautreamont’s book, Les Chants de Maldoror, a copy of which he always carried with him. When the British painter Nina Hamnett arrived in Montparnasse in 1914, on her first evening there the smiling man at the next table in the cafÃ© introduced himself as “Modigliani, painter and Jew”. They became great friends.
The Russian sculptor Chana Orloff introduced him to a beautiful 18-year-old art student named Jeanne HÃ©buterne who had posed for Foujita. Jeanne came from a conservative bourgeois background and was renounced by her family, devout Roman Catholics, for her liaison with the painter, who in their eyes was nothing but a debauched derelict, and Jewish besides. Despite her family, soon they were living together and although Jeanne was the love of his life, their public scenes became even more famous than Modigliani’s personal drunken exhibitions.
While in Nice, a trip organized by Leopold Zborovski for Modigliani, Tsuguharu Foujita and other artists to try to sell their works to rich tourists, Modigliani managed to sell a few pictures but only for a few francs each. Despite this, during this time he produced most of the paintings that would ultimately become his most popular and valued works. During his lifetime he sold a number of his works, but never for any great amount of money. What funds he did receive, soon vanished for drugs including alcohol. In May of 1919 he returned to Paris, where, with Jeanne and their daughter, he rented an apartment in the rue de la Grande ChaumiÃ¨re. While there, both Jeanne and Modigliani painted portraits of each other and of themselves.
Although he continued to paint, by then his lifestyle had taken its toll and Modigliani’s health was deteriorating rapidly, his alcoholic blackouts becoming more frequent. After not being heard from for several days by his friends, his downstairs neighbor checked in on them and found Modigliani delirious and in bed, holding onto Jeanne, who was nearly nine months pregnant. A doctor was summoned but there was little that could be done because Modigliani was suffering from tubercular meningitis.
Modigliani died on January 24, 1920 without regaining consciousness. There was an enormous funeral, attended by many from the artistic communities in Montmartre and Montparnasse. Jeanne HÃ©buterne, who had been taken to her parents’ home, threw herself out of a fifth-floor window two days after Modigliani’s death, killing herself and her unborn child.
Modigliani was interred in PÃ¨re Lachaise Cemetery. Jeanne HÃ©buterne was buried at the CimetiÃ¨re de Bagneux, near Paris and it was not until 1930 that her embittered family allowed her to be moved to rest beside Modigliani.
Their orphaned 15-month-old daughter Jeanne was adopted by Modigliani’s sister in Florence. As an adult, she would write an important biography of her father titled: Modigliani: Man and Myth.
Today, Modigliani is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century, his works on display in the great museums of the world. His sculptures rarely change hands and the few paintings that change hands can sell for more than US$15.6 million. His Nu couchÃ© (Sur le cÃ´tÃ© gauche) sold in November of 2003 for US $26,887,500. (it always saddens me when this happens)